Bank Presence and Health

JOB MARKET PAPER

PaperSSRN link

Winner of the CEPR Household Finance PhD Student Prize (discussant: Emily Breza, Harvard), Chazen Research Grant,

Bernstein Center Research Grant, and Columbia Business School Best PhD Paper Award

 

Featured on the World Bank Development Impact Blog and the Ideas of India Podcast

What role does bank presence play in improving health? To explore this question, I use a policy of the Reserve Bank of India from 2005 that incentivizes banks to set up new branches in underbanked districts, defined as having a population-to-branch ratio larger than the national average. In a regression discontinuity design, I compare households in districts just above and just below the national average. Six years after the policy introduction, households in treatment districts are a third less likely to be affected by an illness in a month. They miss fewer days of work or school due to an illness and have lower medical expenses. Ten years after the policy was introduced, I observe persistently lower morbidity rates, higher vaccination rates, and lower risks associated with pregnancies. I provide evidence that two previously understudied aspects of banking contribute to the effect: households gain access to health insurance and health care providers gain access to credit. In equilibrium, I observe an increase in health care demand and supply.

Presented at:

AEA (scheduled), AFA Poster Session, Applied Young Economist Webinar (AYEW), Bocconi University Finance Department, City University of London Economics Department, Columbia Development Colloquium, Columbia Finance Seminar, Cornell University Finance Group, CEPR European Conference on Household Finance, Columbia PhD Finance Seminar, Development and Political Econ SF Bay Area PhD Student Conference (DevPEC), European Economics Association (EEA), European Finance Association (EFA) Doctoral Tutorial, FMA, GRAFSI Zurich, HEC Paris Finance Department, Household Finance Workshop Frankfurt, IESE Business School Finance Department, IIM Calcutta - NYU Stern India Research Conference, International Conference on Globalization and Development (GlaD), John Hopkins SAIS, Macro Finance Society Workshop PhD Session, North East Universities Development Consortium (NEUDC), Northwestern University Kellogg Finance Department, NOVAFRICA Conference on Economic Development, NSE - NYU Conference, NYU Abu Dhabi Economics Department, Rice University Jonas Graduate School of Business Finance Department, Transatlantic Doctoral Conference (LBS), Universitat Pompeu Fabra Internal Applied Econ Seminar, University of Oklahoma Finance Department, University of Southern California Marshall School of Business Finance Department, University of Texas Austin McCombs School of Business Finance Department, Washington University Olin Business School Finance Department, Webinar Series in Finance and Development (WEFIDEV), World Bank Development Research Group

Slides (20min presentation)

Video of my JMP (6min)

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Essential Graphs

Underbanked and Banked Districts

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